Frequency of carbohydrate metabolism disorders in day-care patients with borderline fasting blood sugar levels and at least one risk factor for diabetes mellitus
In order to assess the diagnosis of carbohydrate metabolism disorders, day care patients from Tambov central regional hospital were investigated. The study was conducted during 6 months in 2018. The study included 91 patients and allowed the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in 31 (34.0%) cases, 6 (6.5%) impaired fasting glucose and 22 (24.1%) impaired glucose tolerance. This survey highlighted the necessity to expand the screening populations at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The rational for the 75-gram oral glucose tolerance test for all individuals with fasting plasma glucose ≥ 5.6 ≤ 6.0 mmol/l and having one or more risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes and / or metabolic syndrome is shown. Among these categories diabetes was detected in 4.3%, and prediabetes in 14.4% of cases.