НОВЫЕ СТАТЬИ

2018-02-16 10.24075/brsmu.2018.001
Recent studies of T-cell clonal repertoires of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have led to the discovery of AS-associated T-cell clones with a highly homologous T-cell receptor structure. The role of T-lymphocytes in the disease progression cannot be elucidated without analyzing the diversity and abundance of functionally different T-cell clones found in patients with AS. Using a state-of-the-art technique for T-cell repertoire profiling based on massively parallel sequencing, we, for the first time, studied the T-cell receptor repertoire of activated T-cells from the peripheral blood of a patient with AS. We have demonstrated that a subpopulation of CD38+HLA-DR+ T-lymphocytes is highly diverse both in terms of clonal diversity and abundance of the identified clonotypes, suggesting diverse antigen specificity of the activated peripheral blood T-cells. Most of the activated T-cell clonotypes had low abundance in total population of peripheral blood T-cells. In the repertoire of activated T-cells we have found the clonotype TRBV9_CASSVGVYSTDTQYF_TRBJ2-3, previously discovered in AS and reactive arthritis, and a few other clonotypes of cytotoxic and helper T-cells that may have a role in promoting inflammation in AS patients. Presence of the AS-associated clonotype in activated T-cell subset suggests that the T-cells might play an active role in ongoing inflammation during the disease progression. This provides rationale for further research of their antigen specificity and role in triggering or maintaining AS.
VIEWS 6
2018-01-25 10.24075/brsmu.2017-06-12
In this work we explore the temporal dynamics of cytokines in Dark Agouti rats with experimentally induced autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The main group consisted of 11 animals who were injected with 100 μl (per leg) of spinal cord homogenate obtained from random-bred rats and combined with incomplete Freund’s adjuvant to the hind footpads. The control group included 7 animals who received 100 μl of normal saline mixed with incomplete Freund’s adjuvant. Blood samples (500 μl) were collected daily, starting from day 1 through day 7. We ran a Bio-Plex-based multiplex cytokine assay on the samples using the Bio-Plex Pro Rat Cytokine 24-plex Assay kit. EAE in rats was shown to simulate progression of multiple sclerosis in humans in terms of temporal dynamics of lymphoproliferative and hematopoietic factors IL-1b, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-7. The studied model satisfactory imitates the dynamics of factors stimulating migration of lymphocytes, monocytes and other immune cells, including IL-17, RANTES (CCL-5) and MCP-1 (CCL-2) but excluding GRO/KC (CXCL1), which shows a different dynamics. The model also resembles patterns of human multiple sclerosis in terms of factors affecting cytotoxic and apoptotic reactions, including IFNγ, IL-6 and IL-17, but excluding TNFα.
VIEWS 3
2018-01-25 10.24075/brsmu.2017-06-10
Relative biological effectiveness of ionizing radiation is determined by a number of factors, including a dose rate. Radiotherapy equipment employs low dose rates of up to a few Gy per minute. But very little is known about the biological effect of high and ultrahigh (≥ 10<sup>8</sup> Gy/min) dose rate radiation. Our study aimed to investigate the apoptotic effect of ultrahigh gamma dose rates on human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Blood samples were collected from seemingly healthy donors. Lymphocytes were isolated by density gradient separation. Lymphocyte suspensions were irradiated with low-rate doses on the Rokus- AM gamma-ray machine for clinical use (Russia) and with 10<sup>8</sup> Gy/s doses on the experimental pulse generators Angara-5-1 and Mir-M (Russia). Apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry using annexin V and propidium iodide double staining. We established that in comparison with low dose rates, ultrahigh gamma dose rates (with doses ranging from 1 to 6 Gy) induced significantly more pronounced apoptosis in peripheral blood lymphocytes (p < 0.05) with fewer necrotic cells. Total radiation-induced cell death did not differ significantly between the therapeutic gamma machine and the experimental pulse generators. Further research is needed to assess biological and medical significance of our findings.
VIEWS 3

ПОПУЛЯРНЫЕ СТАТЬИ

2018-01-13 10.24075/brsmu.2017-05-03
Cell-mediated immunity and the cytokine interferon gamma (IFNγ) have an important role in promoting host resistance against tuberculosis-causing mycobacteria (TBM), but the exact mechanism of developing immunity against tuberculosis (TB) is unknown. In this work we evaluate the immune response in TB and the association between IFNG gene polymorphism rs2069705 (T-1488C) and the intensity of specific immune reactions in children. The study was conducted in 310 children below 18 years distributed into 3 groups: the TB group included 110 children with TB confirmed by medical evaluation; the LTB group consisted of 156 children with latent infection; and the NTB group was represented by 44 non-infected children. A few immunoassays and molecular-genetic tests were performed; specifically, we evaluated the immune status of patients and the distribution of genotypic frequencies of the studied polymorphism, in the context of previous vaccination against TB. The cell-mediated immune response was mild in children with LTB, while in children with TB inflammation showed signs of chronicity due to the lack of functional activity of immune cells (p < 0.05). We also measured IFN-γ synthesis induced by specific mitogens (PPD-L, CFP32B, Rv2660c, ESAT6, 85a and ESAT6-CFP10), only to detect attenuation of the immune response in patients with TB, which was associated with the heterozygous rs2069705 variant (p < 0.05). Children with homozygous TT and CC genotypes demonstrated a more pronounced immune response. Low effectiveness of the TB vaccine was shown to be associated with the heterozygous genotype (50 %), while its high effectiveness was associated with the homozygous T genotype (40 %), possibly indicating the protective role of the latter. Our findings suggest that the studied polymorphism (specifically, its heterozygous variant) can be a predictive marker of TB in children.
VIEWS 23
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At the end of 2015, Bulletin of RSMU saw an important change in its typographic design and content. We formulated new editorial policies and established strict ethical standards for submitted manuscripts in accordance with the guidelines of reputable international bodies. As a result, about a quarter of the submitted works have been rejected, the primary reason being the author trying to submit a previously published article. Sometimes authors believe that by making slight changes to the introduction, excluding a few people from the study, performing a new statistical analysis, and thus obtaining totally new results they will turn their old manuscript into a novel work. That is why we would like to talk about scientific integrity, honesty, plagiarism, and self-plagiarism in our special project “Author’s work”.
Richard FEYNMAN Cargo cult science
American physicist Richard P. Feynman, a Nobel laureate, was always very scrupulous about the quality of a research study. During his commencement address at the California Institute of Technology in 1974, he talked about scientific integrity and honesty and warned young researchers “not to fool” themselves. A must-read for anyone who believes he/she is a true scientist.
Ivan PAVLOV On the Russian mind
In 1918, Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, a Nobel laureate, delivered two lectures: on the mind in general and the Russian mind in particular; on those mind qualities that determine the success of a research work and on how these qualities are present in the Russian mind. Pavlov's thoughts are an effective vaccine against poor intellectual work.
2018-01-25 OUR NEWS
Publishing fee

Since 2018 the journal "Bulletin of RSMU" publishes manuscripts in which financial support for the research is declared, on a fee basis. Regardless of the source of funding, the type of paper and the volume of the text, the publishing fee is 30 thousand rubles. We want to emphasize that we are not talking about advertising publications — we do not publish advertisements. At the same time we are sure that modern science develops much more effectively if access to new research data is free. The journal will continue to work in the open-access format.

2018-01-24 OUR NEWS
We use DOI!

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is an important tool for organizing the storage of scientific texts. Assigning scientific books or publications with DOIs makes their search much easier for researchers around the world. "Bulletin of RSMU" gave DOIs to all papers published in both language versions of the journal in 2016–2017. We see the first results: regular reports from CrossRef (an international agency that organizes work with identifiers) show that some papers of the authors of the "Bulletin of RSMU" already has several tens of views thanks to DOIs.