NEW ARTICLES

Published online: 2018-12-06
DOI: 10.24075/brsmu.2018.065
Early detection of dorsopathies is an urgent task for primary care physicians, since such conditions can combine with other chronic noncommunicable diseases (NСD) and adversely affect the course all comorbidities, consequently disimproving the quality of life of patients and increasing the frequency of their requests for medical assistance. This study aimed to determine the value of routine checkups in the context of detection of dorsopathies, NCD, and identification of risk factors (RF). We have retrospectively analyzed the patient records database of a rural outpatient clinic in the Tver region (years 2015 to 2017). The prevalence of dorsopathies and NCD RF were the subjects investigated. Fisher's exact test and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (SRCC) were applied for the purposes of statistical processing of the results. We discovered that dorsopathy most often was a comorbidity to arterial hypertension and gastrointestinal tract diseases; it was strongly related to the NCD (SRCC = 0.506), age (SRCC = 0.383), slightly less so — to hypodynamia (SRCC = 0.146), type of the patient's occupation (intellectual or physical labor) (SRCC = 0.07). Routine checkups improve the rate of detection of dorsopathy: the more patients undergo such examinations, the more cases of dorsopathy are diagnosed. Thus, it is necessary to increase the number of working people attending the checkups in order to detect dorsopathies early and prevent them effectively.
VIEWS 25

POPULAR ARTICLES

Published online: 2018-10-20
DOI: 10.24075/brsmu.2018.054
To understand how vulnerable are a society, an economy and a state in the face of a biohazard, one should attempt to identify any potential holes in the national biosafety system, such as the lack of important components or technologies for biological monitoring and the inadequacy of existing analytical methods used to prevent or counteract biogenic threats. In Russia, biological monitoring is quite advanced. However, the agencies that ensure proper functioning of its components lack collaboration and do not form a well-coordinated network. Each of such agencies alone cannot provide comprehensive information on the subject. In the Russian Federation, there are at least 4 state-funded programs that collect epidemiological data and are quite efficient in performing the narrow task of monitoring infections. But because there is no central database where epidemiological data can be channeled and subsequently shared, these agencies do not complete each other. This leaves the Russian society, economy and state vulnerable to biogenic threats. We need an adequately organized, modern, fully functional and effective system for monitoring biohazards that will serve as a basis for the national biosafety system and also a tool for the identification and elimination of its weaknesses.
VIEWS 225
Published online: 2018-08-23
DOI: 10.24075/brsmu.2018.038
In spite of successful measures taken to reduce mortality associated with tuberculosis, this disease is still widely spread. In some Russian regions the number of patients with tuberculosis is no short of the epidemic level. The long-term use of antibiotics, changes in the composition of the human microbiota and a few other factors have contributed to the emergence of drug-resistant and hypervirulent sublineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Insufficient fundamental knowledge of mechanisms underlying the emergence and evolution of M. tuberculosis clones simultaneously resistant to a wide spectrum of antibiotics and exhibiting increased virulence complicates the situation and necessitates a new strategy to combat the disease. The key concepts of this strategy are «superorganism», «microbiota» and «resistome». The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively resistant (XDR) strains should be addressed in the context of the «superorganism»; among its components are the human body, its microbiota (specifically, the bacteria that affect the immune status), and M. tuberculosis itself. Clinically studied phenotypes and genotypes of MDR/XDR strains are a result of clonal variability that M. tuberculosis develops as part of this «superorganism». Therefore, it is important to focus on the development of vaccines, adjuvants and probiotics with selective immunomodulating and antioxidant properties.
VIEWS 153
Dear researcher!
At the end of 2015, Bulletin of RSMU saw an important change in its typographic design and content. We formulated new editorial policies and established strict ethical standards for submitted manuscripts in accordance with the guidelines of reputable international bodies. As a result, about a quarter of the submitted works have been rejected, the primary reason being the author trying to submit a previously published article. Sometimes authors believe that by making slight changes to the introduction, excluding a few people from the study, performing a new statistical analysis, and thus obtaining totally new results they will turn their old manuscript into a novel work. That is why we would like to talk about scientific integrity, honesty, plagiarism, and self-plagiarism in our special project “Author’s work”.
Richard FEYNMAN Cargo cult science
American physicist Richard P. Feynman, a Nobel laureate, was always very scrupulous about the quality of a research study. During his commencement address at the California Institute of Technology in 1974, he talked about scientific integrity and honesty and warned young researchers “not to fool” themselves. A must-read for anyone who believes he/she is a true scientist.
Ivan PAVLOV On the Russian mind
In 1918, Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, a Nobel laureate, delivered two lectures: on the mind in general and the Russian mind in particular; on those mind qualities that determine the success of a research work and on how these qualities are present in the Russian mind. Pavlov's thoughts are an effective vaccine against poor intellectual work.
2018-12-01 OUR NEWS
All articles now a fee-based

In connection with the decrease in University support of the journal, from 2019 the journal will charge for all published articles (except for editorial reviews). Since 2019, the size of the fee will be: if source of funding indicated in the article - USD 700, if not - USD 400. New fee will be charged for publications received after 01/12/2018.

2018-01-24 OUR NEWS
We use DOI!

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is an important tool for organizing the storage of scientific texts. Assigning scientific books or publications with DOIs makes their search much easier for researchers around the world. "Bulletin of RSMU" gave DOIs to all papers published in both language versions of the journal in 2016–2017. We see the first results: regular reports from CrossRef (an international agency that organizes work with identifiers) show that some papers of the authors of the "Bulletin of RSMU" already has several tens of views thanks to DOIs.