NEW ARTICLES

Published online: 2019-08-20
DOI: 10.24075/brsmu.2019.053
Osteoarthritis (OA) affects both elderly people, for whom it is one of the main causes of disability, and people of active working age and is an urgent clinical and social problem of resistance of pain syndrome to therapy. The disease is characterized by both destruction of intra-articular and paraarticular structures, such as subchondral bone. While OA is an important sign of pathological changes believe the bone marrow edema (BME). This work examines the effect of BME on development osteoarthritis, and therapeutic approaches to the management of patients with OA. The aim of the study was to develop a method of treatment of BME in OA of the knee joint by locally intraosseous injection of autologous thrombotic-rich plasma (PRP) into the edema zone. In this study 17 patients with the diagnosis: Osteoarthritis II-IV Grade. according to the classification of Kellgren–Lawrence, in which areas of local inflammation in the form of BME were detected on MRI in the subchondral zone in accordance with the international classification of WORMS (Whole Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score). The mean age of patients was 41,7 ± 14,3 years, 10 of them were women and 7 men. Patients were treated with autological platelet-rich plasma under x-ray control injected from extra-articular intraosseous access in the area of BME. Evaluation of effectiveness of treatment performed by VAS, WOMAC and KOOS scales, before the introduction of autoplasma, after 1 and 3 months after the start of treatment. Three months after the manipulation, there was a statistically significant decrease in the intensity of inflammatory syndrome: for WOMAC by 17.5%, for KOOS by 19.4% and for VAS by 33,1% (p < 0,01). Thus, the efficiency of intraosseous Infiltration of autologous platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of patients with OA, accompanied by edema of the bone marrow in the subchondral zone, was proved.
VIEWS 10
Published online: 2019-08-18
DOI: 10.24075/brsmu.2019.052
Chronic generalized periodontitis (CGP) is a disease associated with low susceptibility to the therapeutic protocols applied; practitioners tend to characterize it as a disease presenting certain difficulties. Therefore, the search for drugs and methods capable of increasing the efficacy of CGP therapy is an ongoing process. Additional problems, which have to do with either with antibiotic resistance or increased sensitivity to drugs, also occur quite often. This study aimed to assess the possibility of applying hirudotherapy in the context of conservative treatment of CGP. 50 patients with CGP without somatic pathology were examined and treated. The participants were divided into two groups (n = 25), all group members of about the same age. At the first stage, the treatment followed the accepted standard: professional oral hygiene procedures, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory drugs, demonstration of proper personal oral hygiene routines. Then, first group went through a monthlong hirudotherapy course that consisted of 6 to 8 individual procedures. Second group was observed throughout this period with the aim to control the level of their compliance with the oral hygiene routines they were trained. Having analyzed the results, we found that hirudotherapy was more effective than what was prescribed to the second (control) group. The papillary marginal alveolar index (PMA), which reflects the severity of inflammation and gum bleeding, decreased significantly in the first group, where medicinal leeches were used: in the patients with severe CGP it went down by 6%, in those with moderately severe CGP the index decreased by 24% and the participants whose CGP was only light had the PMA go down by 2%. Thus, we have demonstrated the efficacy of hirudotherapy in the context of conservative CGP treatment, which allows recommending this method for inclusion into clinical practice.
VIEWS 23
Published online: 2019-08-17
DOI: 10.24075/brsmu.2019.051
The number of children born with cerebral palsy (CP) remains stably high. Novel approaches for rehabilitation of such patients are being sought. This study aimed to define the efficiency of the image visualization technologies in play activity for the physical rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy. Sixteen boys with spastic diplegia aged 7–9 participated in the study. They were divided into treatment group (TG) and control group (CG), 8 children each. The TG patients were trained using the virtual reality based Krisaf training simulator twice a week for 40 minutes during 8 months. The child was suspended in the horizontal position and looked at the monitor through the specialised eyeglasses. Under the conditions of the marine environment immersion simulation with reduced gravity children performed motor tasks through play: searched for treasures, competed with dolphins etc. The CG patients attended the physical therapy lessons. Rehabilitation lessons using the virtual reality based Krisaf training simulator for children affected with spastic cerebral palsy led to a significant improvement of motor skills. Various motion tests showed an improvement over baseline, the average indicators increased 1.30–1.48 times. The difference between TG and CG results was statistically significant. In the CG referred to physical therapy the indicators increase was less than 10%, in the TG the increase reached 30–40%. It was concluded that the use of virtual reality based technologies promotes the optimization of neurophysiological processes in the motor analyzer cortical areas and better adaptation to motor loads.
VIEWS 22

POPULAR ARTICLES

Published online: 2019-03-03
DOI: 10.24075/brsmu.2019.005
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is one of the deadliest viral infections affecting humans and nonhuman primates. Of 6 known representatives of the Ebolavirus genus responsible for the disease, 3 can infect humans, causing acute highly contagious fever characterized by up to 90% fatality. These include Bundibugyo ebolavirus (BDBV), Zaire ebolavirus (ZEBOV) and Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV). The majority of the reported EVD cases are caused by ZEBOV. Vaccine development against the virus started in 1976, immediately after the causative agent of the infection was identified. So far, 4 vaccines have been approved. All of them are based on the protective epitope of the ZEBOV glycoprotein GP. Because SUDV and BDBV can also cause outbreaks and epidemics, it is vital to design a vaccine capable of conferring protection against all known ebolaviruses posing a threat to the human population. This article presents systematized data on the structure, immunogenicity and protective properties of ebolavirus glycoprotein GP, looks closely at the immunodominant epitopes of ZEBOV, SUDV and BDBV glycoprotein GP required to elicit a protective immune response, and offers a rational perspective on the development of a universal vaccine against EVD that relies on the use of vectors expressing two variants of GP represented by ZEBOV and SUDV.
VIEWS 470
Published online: 2019-02-24
DOI: 10.24075/brsmu.2019.002
Selection of antibodies using phage display involves the preliminary cloning of the repertoire of sequences encoding antigen-binding domains into phagemid, which is considered the bottleneck of the method, limiting the resulting diversity of libraries and leading to the loss of poorly represented variants before the start of the selection procedure. Selection in cell-free conditions using a ribosomal display is devoid from this drawback, however is highly sensitive to PCR artifacts and the RNase contamination. The aim of the study was to test the efficiency of a combination of both methods, including pre-selection in a cell-free system to enrich the source library, followed by cloning and final selection using phage display. This approach may eliminate the shortcomings of each method and increase the efficiency of selection. For selection, alpaca VHH antibody sequences suitable for building an immune library were used due to the lack of VL domains. Analysis of immune libraries from the genes of the VH3, VHH3 and VH4 families showed that the VHH antibodies share in the VH3 and VH4 gene groups is insignificant, and selection from the combined library is less effective than from the VHH3 family of sequences. We found that the combination of ribosomal and phage displays leads to a higher enrichment of high-affinity fragments and avoids the loss of the original diversity during cloning. The combined method allowed us to obtain a greater number of different high-affinity sequences, and all the tested VHH fragments were able to specifically recognize the target, including the total protein extracts of cell cultures.
VIEWS 468
Dear researcher!
At the end of 2015, Bulletin of RSMU saw an important change in its typographic design and content. We formulated new editorial policies and established strict ethical standards for submitted manuscripts in accordance with the guidelines of reputable international bodies. As a result, about a quarter of the submitted works have been rejected, the primary reason being the author trying to submit a previously published article. Sometimes authors believe that by making slight changes to the introduction, excluding a few people from the study, performing a new statistical analysis, and thus obtaining totally new results they will turn their old manuscript into a novel work. That is why we would like to talk about scientific integrity, honesty, plagiarism, and self-plagiarism in our special project “Author’s work”.
Richard FEYNMAN Cargo cult science
American physicist Richard P. Feynman, a Nobel laureate, was always very scrupulous about the quality of a research study. During his commencement address at the California Institute of Technology in 1974, he talked about scientific integrity and honesty and warned young researchers “not to fool” themselves. A must-read for anyone who believes he/she is a true scientist.
Ivan PAVLOV On the Russian mind
In 1918, Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, a Nobel laureate, delivered two lectures: on the mind in general and the Russian mind in particular; on those mind qualities that determine the success of a research work and on how these qualities are present in the Russian mind. Pavlov's thoughts are an effective vaccine against poor intellectual work.
2019-03-31 OUR NEWS
Update regulations - Fast-Track

Thanks to APC, we have significantly enhanced the work of the editorial board and are finally able to introduce a normal (international) fast track! For articles submitted after 01 Apr 2019, the editors promise to maintain the following time limit: editorial rejection - 3 days after submission, decision - 2 weeks after submission, online publication - 4 weeks after submission.

2018-12-01 OUR NEWS
All articles now a fee-based

In connection with the decrease in University support of the journal, from 2019 the journal will charge for all published articles (except for editorial reviews). Since 2019, the size of the fee will be: if source of funding indicated in the article - USD 700, if not - USD 400. New fee will be charged for publications received after 01/12/2018.